Reference Resources: A-D
Acronyms & Abbreviations
- Acronyms & Abbreviations from the Free Dictionary by Farlex.
- Acronym Finder - With more than 1,000,000 human-edited definitions, Acronym Finder is the world's largest and most comprehensive dictionary of acronyms, abbreviations, and initialisms.
- Acronym Search - offers over 50,000 acronyms and abbreviations in many categories. Including chat, computer, military, finance, accounting, airports, sports, classified, and more.
- The Acronym Server - from Silmaril Consultants (since 1988).
- GovSpeak - A Guide to U.S. Government Abbreviations and Acronyms LibGuides at the University of California San Diego
- NetLingo List of Chat Acronyms & Text Shorthand - Internet acronyms, text message jargon, abbreviations, initialisms, cyberslang, leetspeak, SMS code, textese.
Almanacs & Yearbooks
- 50States.com - U.S. States and Capitals.
- Aneki.com - Rankings and Records; world rankings, records, top 10 lists, and more.
- Baseball Almanac - Baseball Almanac has dedicated itself to preserving the history of our national pastime. The website is an interactive baseball encyclopedia filled with nearly 500,000 pages of in-depth baseball facts, original baseball research and baseball statistics not found anywhere on the Internet.
- The CIA World Factbook - provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities.
- Country Studies from the Library of Congress - contains the electronic versions of 80 books previously published in hard copy as part of the Country Studies Series by the Federal Research Division. Intended for a general audience, books in the series present a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of select countries throughout the world.
- Guinness World Records - the ultimate global authority on record breaking. Their vision is to make amazing official.
- Information Please Almanac - Information Please has been providing authoritative answers to all kinds of factual questions since 1938 - first as a popular radio quiz show, then starting in 1947 as an annual almanac, and since 1998 on the Internet.
- The Old Farmer's Almanac - weather forecasts, gardening, moon calendar, recipes and more.
- Biographical Dictionary - S9.com is a Wikipedia type system and everyone can edit biographies or even create their own. S9.com was established in 1997 and since then has grown into one of the largest biography sites on the web.
- Biographical Dictionary of English Literature - from Bibliomania - biographies of English authors.
- Biographies from the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St. Andrews, Scotland).
- Biography.com - offers over 7,000 biographies and daily features that highlight newsworthy, compelling and surprising points-of-view.
- Biography from Top Documentary Films.
- Distinguished Women of the Past and Present - biographies of women who contributed to our culture in many different ways, including writers, educators, scientists, heads of state, politicians, civil rights crusaders, artists, entertainers, and others.
- Encyclopedia of World Biography
- InfoPlease Biography - search over 30,000 biographies.
- Nobel Prize Internet Archive
- The Presidents of the United States - presidents' biographies from the official White House.gov site.
- Amazon.com - book descriptions often contain book reviews from Publisher's Weekly, and Booklist as well as customer reviews.
- AllReaders.com - book and movies reviews. AllReaders.com classifies books based on plot, setting, character, and writing style. So, if you know what kind of book you like, you can find other authors who write similar kind of stories. Summaries are much more detailed and specific than those of most other sites.
- Booklist Online - more than 170,000 book reviews for librarians, book groups, and book lovers—from the trusted experts at the American Library Association.
- BookPage - book reviews, author interviews.
- Book Reviews from BookSpot.com - BookSpot.com is a free resource center that simplifies the search for the best book-related content on the Web. BookSpot.com editors hand select featured websites and organized them into intuitive categories, such as bestseller lists, genres, book reviews, electronic texts, book news and more.
- Kirkus Reviews - "founded in 1933, Kirkus has been an authoritative voice in book discovery for 80 years. Kirkus Reviews magazine gives industry professionals a sneak peek at the most notable books being published weeks before they’re released. Kirkus serves the book reviews to consumers in a weekly email newsletter and on Kirkus.com, giving readers unbiased, critical recommendations they can trust."
- London Review of Books - Europe's leading magazine of books and ideas.
- Midwest Book Review - Book Reviews, Book Lover Resources, Advice for Writers and Publishers.
- The New York Review of Books
- The New York Times Book Review
- The American-British British-American Dictionary - for English speaking people - by Jeremy Smith.
- A Basic Dictionary of American Sign Language (ASL) terms
- Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable - 1898 edition - over 18,000 entries that reveal the etymologies, trace the origins and otherwise catalog “words with a tale to tell.” From Bartleby.com
- Cambridge Free Dictionary (from Cambridge University Press).
- The Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) Pronouncing Dictionary - an open-source machine-readable pronunciation dictionary for North American English that contains over 134,000 words and their pronunciations.
- Duhaime's Law Dictionary - recommended research resource for law students by both Cambridge and Oxford's law schools.
- Free Online Dictionary of Computing (FOLDOC)
- Hypertext Webster Gateway - this hypertext Webster interface provides a point-and-click client interface (for non-linemode browsers) for accessing various dictionary services on the Internet created by Bennet Yee.
- LOGOS Multilingual E-Translation Portal
- Merriam-Webster Dictionary
- NetLingo - The Internet Dictionary
- The New Hacker's Dictionary - slang, jargon and techspeak
- OneLook Dictionary - a search engine for words and phrases: the OneLook® search engine indexes more than 19 million words in more than 1000 online dictionaries.
- OnMusic Dictionary - music dictionary created by Connect for Education, Inc.
- RhymeZone Rhyming Dictionary - find rhymes, synonyms, adjectives, and more!
- Ultralingua Online Dictionary - (dictionaries in English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Latin and Spanish)
- WordNet Search - a large lexical database of English. Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are grouped into sets of cognitive synonyms (synsets), each expressing a distinct concept.
- Wordsmith - home of A Word a Day, the Internet Anagram Server, and the Wordster
- Wordsmyth- the premier educational dictionary-thesaurus.
- Colleges.com - find a college or university.
- Company Directories - from BEOnline, Business Reference Services, Library of Congress
- Find Your Lawyer - from FindLaw.com
- Government Web Resources - from the Newspaper & Current Periodical Reading Room, Serial and Government Publications Division, Library of Congress.
- The International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet (ICDRI) - non-profit center based in the U.S. As an internationally recognized public policy center organized by and for people with disabilities, ICDRI seeks to increase opportunities for people with disabilities by identifying barriers to participation in society and promoting best practices and universal design for the global community.
- Idealist - Action Without Borders - a searchable directory of Non-Profit Organizations
- International Organizations - from the Newspaper & Current Periodical Reading Room, Serial and Government Publications Division, Library of Congress.
- Scholarly Societies Project - facilitating access to information about scholarly societies across the world since 1994 (last updated 2015)